Comparison of Ritalin and Adderall for ADHD
Ingredients in Ritalin and Adderall
Ritalin contains methylphenidate while Adderall contains mixed amphetamine salts. Despite the difference in ingredients, both drugs are classified as CNS stimulants and work similarly in treating ADHD.
Direct Comparison Studies
Several trials have directly compared methylphenidate (Ritalin) to amphetamines (Adderall) in a cross-over type design. While no statistically significant difference was found between the two drugs, some subjects responded better to one drug over the other.
Effectiveness of Stimulants for ADHD
Stimulants like Ritalin and Adderall are effective in treating ADHD, but most trials are of poor quality and short duration. The drugs are associated with sleep problems and decreased appetite.
Potential for Abuse
Both Ritalin and Adderall have the potential to be abused, especially among teenagers and young adults who believe they can improve academic performance. However, research shows that abusing these drugs does not enhance thinking or learning ability.
Adderall is available in both brand and generic, while Ritalin is available as a generic and other brands. The cost of each drug varies depending on the dosage and release form.