Painkillers: An Overview
Painkillers are medications used to alleviate pain. They come in various brands and forms, including liquids, tablets, capsules, injections, suppositories, creams, ointments, and patches.
Not all painkillers available in the market are effective or safe for consumption. Opioid medications, also known as opiates, are commonly prescribed to treat mild, moderate, and severe pain. Doctors often start with less potent painkillers like paracetamol and ibuprofen before considering opioids if necessary.
How Painkiller Medications Work
Opioid painkillers work by binding to receptors in the brain, spinal cord, gut, and other parts of the body. This interaction reduces pain perception, alters pain response, and increases pain tolerance.
Opioid medications are categorized into weak opioids and strong opioids, with the latter being significantly more potent. Strong opioids are typically prescribed for severe pain resulting from major surgeries or accidents. They may also be considered for long-term pain management when other painkillers have proven ineffective.
Proper Usage of Painkillers
For individuals experiencing chronic pain, regular use of painkillers may be recommended. However, it is crucial to use these medications under the supervision of a doctor to minimize side effects and the risk of addiction.
Possible Side Effects
Like all medications, opioids have potential side effects. Generally, stronger opioids are more likely to cause side effects. Common side effects include constipation, nausea, drowsiness, and dry mouth. Drinking plenty of fluids or chewing gum can help alleviate dry mouth symptoms.
In some cases, high doses of opioids can lead to reduced alertness, confusion, dizziness, fainting (indicating low blood pressure), slowed breathing, or hallucinations. If any of these side effects occur, it is important to inform your doctor promptly, as a dosage adjustment may be necessary.
Note that the above list is not exhaustive. For a comprehensive list of possible side effects, refer to the leaflet accompanying your medication.
Opioid painkillers can be bought online without a prescription, providing convenience and direct delivery to your doorstep. This method is more efficient compared to the traditional process of visiting a doctor and pharmacy, enduring traffic and long queues, and potentially paying higher prices for the medication.